Another Lisbon landmark is the Monument to the Discoveries. A good write-up can be found in the Wikipedia article Padrão dos Descobrimentos that includes a picture with all of the figures labeled.
If you go to Lisbon, you will be able to go into the Lisbon Cathedral. You can climb the stairs to get up above the lower levels to where the rose window is and get a good view of the Jesus with the Apostles.
If you would like to pixel peep, click on the rose below.
The Santa Justa elevator began service in 1902. The lift is decorated in a Neo-Gothic style in iron.
As I can attest, getting up and down Lisbon by foot is quite a hike. I enjoyed several walks in the city. If you have been to San Francisco, you have a datum of comparable magnitude. The elevator is 45 meters (148 feet). The lift brings people from the lower streets of the main Baixa and the higher Largo do Carmo (Carmo Square).
Below is a view from the Castelo de São Jorge.
In the end of the 19th and the start of the 20th century, iron structures were considered pretty whiz-bang. Each of the seven levels is uniquely decorated.
On the top floor is a kiosk and lookout, with panoramic views of the city, while connections to the floors below are made (in addition to the elevator) by two spiral staircases.
Castelo de São Jorge (Saint George Castle to us Yankees) is a Moorish castle occupying a commanding hilltop overlooking the historic center of the Lisbon and Tagus River. The strongly fortified citadel dates from medieval period of Portuguese history.
Below is the Portuguese flag (left) and the flag of the City of Lisbon (right).
The first fortifications on this hilltop date from the 2nd century BC. As good ideas tend to stick, the hill was first used by indigenous Celtic tribes, then by Phoenicians, Greeks, and Carthaginians as a defensible outpost. As time went on, other’s like the idea of having a for on this hill. Roman, Suebic, Visigothic, and Moorish peoples all took advantage of the great views. During the 10th century, the fortifications were rebuilt by Muslim Berber forces.
Hmmm. I think I see my hotel from up here.
On the banks of the Tagus River is Tower of Belém. It was constructed around 1514 and is also known as the Tower of Saint Vincent, the patron of the city of Lisbon, which commemorated the expedition of Vasco da Gama and also served to defend the port of Lisbon. The structure was built from lioz limestone and is composed of a bastion and a 98.4 ft four-story tower.
A bartizan is an overhanging, wall-mounted turret projecting from the walls of late medieval and early-modern fortifications from the early 14th century up to the 18th century.
Looking out one of the oillets (arrow slits) towards another bartizan.
The cross of the Knights of Christ is repeated on the parapets of this fortress, while the watch towers that flank it are capped with ribbed cupolas inspired by Islamic architecture.
During a restoration and revitalization project in 1845–46, the niche with an image of the Virgin and Child was added.
Breach loading guns, “berços" in Portuguese, in the Gothic rib vaulted casemate. A casemate is a fortified gun emplacement or armored structure from which guns are fired. Originally, the term referred to a vaulted chamber in a fortress.
Hello! Once again I find myself out of the country. This time I took a long weekend trip to Lisbon, Portugal. Since I didn’t expect to have any wildlife photography time, I only brought my wide angle zoom. Little did I know that I would have found a Lesser Black-Backed Gull (top) and a couple of Yellow-Legged Gulls (bottom). The Yellow-Legged gulls were a life bird for me.
I stayed at the Pousada De Lisboa Hotel, which is on the Praça do Comercio (Commerce Square). These birds were photographed there.
Praça do Comercio